Mikolic v. Tanguay, 2015 ONSC 71 (CanLII)

Released January 5, 2016 | Full Decision

At the end of trial on an action arising from a motor vehicle accident, the jury awarded the Plaintiff the following:

General damages:           $35,000

Past loss of income:        $20,000

Future loss of income:   $30,000

Cost of Future Care:       $15,000

The Plaintiff had been paid income replacement benefits (“IRBs”) totalling $158,496, which included $77,500 in settlement of past and future IRBs, and medical and rehabilitation benefits (“Med/Rehab”) totalling $89,365.15, which included $37,500 in settlement of past and future Med/Rehab.  The parties agreed that the past loss of income was zero after the deduction of IRBs paid, but disagreed on the deductibility of the settlements against the award for future losses. Arrell J. refused to deduct the accident benefits settlements because the payments were a compromise to settle the disputes and there was no evidence as to how the settlements were apportioned between past and future benefits. The Defendant appealed.

The Divisional Court noted that the onus is always on the Defendant to prove that the payment clearly falls within the statutory definition and that the deductibility will not result in under-compensation for the Plaintiff. The Court viewed the settlement disclosure document as setting out more than a “notional” allocation of payments. In reliance on the Court of Appeal’s decision in Cummings (Litigation Guardian of) v. Douglas, the Divisional Court concluded that Arrell J. erred in law in holding that the Defendant was required to prove what portion of the $77,500 constituted payments for future IRBs. As the Plaintiff accepted the settlement offer of $77,500 for past and future IRBs, the full amount was deductible from the global income loss award. Applying the same analysis to the Med/Rehab settlement, the Divisional Court held that the entire $37,500 was deductible against the $15,000 cost of future care award. The appeal was allowed and the judgment was varied.

Read the full decision on CanLII

Written by

Nga has practiced exclusively in personal injury since her call to the bar. Nga is very compassionate towards those who have suffered a loss and aims to guide clients through difficult legal processes. She is also dedicated to promoting access to justice for injured members of the Vietnamese community. With her fluent Vietnamese language skills, she hopes to lower the communication barriers faced by many injured members of her community and help them obtain appropriate compensation.